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Vol. 12, Issue 3 (2023)

Disease management of fusarium wilt of tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici

Author(s):
Ch. S Kishore Kumar, Bharati N Bhat, R Jagadeeswar, Ch. V Durga Rani and D Anitha Kumari
Abstract:
Tomato is an important annual vegetable crop grown for its edible fruit which was rich in vitamin C, minerals (Fe and Cu) and antioxidants. India ranks second worldwide in tomato growing with an area, production and productivity of 0.789 M ha, 21.24 Mt and 25 Mt ha-1 respectively. In India, tomato is third important vegetable crop grown after potato and onion majorly in states such as Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. As like other crops tomato is also very often affected by several diseases incited by pathogens such as fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes. Among the fungal diseases, Fusarium wilt of tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol), is one of the most destructive diseases across the world causing severe economic losses wherever tomato is grown (Sudhamoy et al., 2009). In view of this a field experiment was conducted during rabi, 2018-19 to evaluate the best integrated disease management strategies against the Fusarium wilt disease of tomato. The results revealed that, among the different integrated disease management strategies, integration of cultural (Soil application of neem cake @ 250 kg ha-1 + FYM @ 1000 kg ha-1) + chemical method (foliar application and soil drenching with (Tebuconazole + trifloxystrobin) @ 0.1 percent and biological method (soil application of Trichoderma viride (Tv2) @ 10 kg ha-1 was found to be effective in managing the Fusarium wilt incidence with recording lowest disease incidence of 8.00 percent along with highest yield of 31.53 t ha-1 with C: B ratio 1: 2.30 during rabi, 2018-19.
Pages: 1011-1013  |  243 Views  154 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Ch. S Kishore Kumar, Bharati N Bhat, R Jagadeeswar, Ch. V Durga Rani, D Anitha Kumari. Disease management of fusarium wilt of tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. Pharma Innovation 2023;12(3):1011-1013.

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