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Vol. 11, Issue 5 (2022)

Assessment of genetic variability among agro-morphological traits in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) in the Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh

Author(s):
Anshuman Singh, Manoj Kumar Singh, Meenakshi Arya, Ayushi Jaiswal, Kuldeep Tripathi and SK Chaturvedi
Abstract:
Poor seed yield remains a great challenge for cowpea production in India and continuous evaluation of available genetic resource to develop high and stable yielding varieties is the panacea to the food security crisis. In this study, 21 cowpea germplasm accessions and varieties were evaluated for phenotypic analysis of seed yield components for two years in a randomized complete block design of 3 replications. All the yield components exhibited significant genotypic variation, while flowering, pod maturity and seed yield traits recorded significant variation for years and its interactions. These cowpeas, which are predominantly early-medium maturing biotypes, exhibited relative phenotypic stability for the yield components across years (seasons) except seed yield, being a final product of complex physiological process. Relationships between flowering/pod maturity and seed size were positive and significant. By contrast, pods/plant, seeds/plant and total seed yield recorded negative correlations with pod maturity. However, seeds/plant and pods/plant are the most contributory components to seed-yield with correlation coefficients of r = 0.95, 0.89, respectively. Although seed size had negative correlation with seeds/pod, but strong linkage between seed number (seeds/pod, seeds/plant) and seed yield; and additive gene nature of seed size, suggest a weak size-number trade-off in cowpea. Genetic variance components indicate high genetic contributions over non-genetic to plant phenotypic variability with high heritability values (0.75-0.91). Six cowpea Accessions EC390219, EC390226, EC390266, EC390269, GC 5 and GC 6 with multiple quality yield traits could be selected for immediate farmers use and future genetic improvement.
Pages: 689-695  |  234 Views  96 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Anshuman Singh, Manoj Kumar Singh, Meenakshi Arya, Ayushi Jaiswal, Kuldeep Tripathi, SK Chaturvedi. Assessment of genetic variability among agro-morphological traits in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) in the Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh. Pharma Innovation 2022;11(5):689-695.
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