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Vol. 11, Issue 3 (2022)

Morphological characterization of cms based wheat hybrids (Triticum aestivum L.)

Author(s):
Prabha Banjarey, Archana Rani, Suneeta Pandey, RS Shukla, Sarla Kumawat and Srishti Singh
Abstract:
Wheat is an important cereal crop, which contribute the absolute quantity of dry matter to the world. With the increasing population, there is an urgent need to identify diverse sources of genotypes. To achieve best adaptability, high yield and good nutritive quality parameters, hybrid breeding is the next door to wheat breeding programme. A total of 15 CMS lines, 5 restorer lines and 75 F1 hybrids (total- F1-75, 15 CMS A lines,5 CMS R linens), were used to layout the experiment with the objective to identify diverse cross combinations and classify morphological traits. Genotypes were evaluated in randomized complete block design with two replications at Seed Breeding Farm, J.N.K.V.V, Jabalpur during 2018-19 and 2019-20 Morphological characterizations were done as per the DUS guideline with the objective to select diverse cross combinations. A wide range of variations for morphological traits were observed for thirteen different traits viz., growth habit, foliage colour, flag leaf attitude, ear waxiness, flag leaf length, ear shape, ear density, awns length, awn colour, an attitude ear colour, grain colour, grain shape. On the basis of morphological characterization the ideal plant types for hybrid breeding will be having erect to semi-erect plant type, green foliage colour, medium flag leaf length, tapering ear shape, medium ear density, light brown ear colour and oblong seed shape. These results clearly indicated the importance of morphological characterization in crop breeding programme.
Pages: 172-175  |  438 Views  188 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Prabha Banjarey, Archana Rani, Suneeta Pandey, RS Shukla, Sarla Kumawat, Srishti Singh. Morphological characterization of cms based wheat hybrids (Triticum aestivum L.). Pharma Innovation 2022;11(3):172-175.

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