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Vol. 11, Issue 2 (2022)

Effect of molasses, honey, and sugar on osmotic dehydration of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.)

Author(s):
Shruthi Kudri, Harshitha T, Pavitra G Hegde, Mansurkhan Tadkod, Satish R Desai and Hemalatha S
Abstract:
The present investigation was undertaken to assess the effect of honey, molasses and sugar on osmotic dehydration of muskmelon cubes with the objectives to find out the possibility of using honey and molasses alternative to sugar in osmotic dehydration. Muskmelon cubes without (T1) and with (T2, T3, T4, and T5) osmotic treatments were dehydrated in cabinet drier at 60 0C. Osmotic solutions of sugar T2 and T3 (50% and 60% respectively), honey solution T4 (60%), and molasses solution T5 (60%) were prepared using water. Results revealed that moisture content of T3 (6.650%) were lesser than other treatments. Ash content in were T2, T3, T4 and T5 higher and T5 (2.480%) treatment was highest. Fat, protein, and titrable acidity of dehydrated cubes without and with osmotic treatments were same. TSS of T4 (58%) and T5 (57%) solution treatment were T3 (57%). Reducing (3.101 g/100g) and total sugars (5.618 g/100g) in T4 was higher. β-carotene and ascorbic acid content in dehydrated cubes with osmotic treatment (1.8 µg/100 g of β-carotene and 23 mg/100g of ascorbic acid) was lesser than T1 (2.050 µg/100 g of β-carotene and 30.140 mg/100g of ascorbic acid). Per cent shrinkage of T2, T3, T4, and T5 was lesser than T1. Density of T2, T3, T4, and T5 was higher than T1. Rehydration factor of T2, T3, T4, and T5 was lesser than T1. Sensory panel adjudged T4, and T5 was on par with T2 and T3. The correlation and regression analysis of sensory data shows that over all acceptability of dehydrated cubes were largely dependent on texture, taste, and flavour. Hence, the study revealed that honey and molasses can be used as alternatives to sugar as osmotic agents in osmotic dehydration of muskmelon.
Pages: 162-166  |  480 Views  181 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Shruthi Kudri, Harshitha T, Pavitra G Hegde, Mansurkhan Tadkod, Satish R Desai, Hemalatha S. Effect of molasses, honey, and sugar on osmotic dehydration of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Pharma Innovation 2022;11(2):162-166.

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