Phytochemical profiling and antioxidant activity of Zingiber officinale rhizome
Karpagapandi L and B Farhat Sultana
Diabetes mellitus is a serious public health problem that has a strong negative impact on the health-related quality of life. Finding a solution to such disease living in the Diabetic capital is possible by the use of bioactive compounds of medicinal plants which are produced during secondary metabolism. There are many plants, spices and herbs including the kitchen ingredients having the therapeutic properties. Especially ginger which contributes more in our routine diet, is possessing therapeutically effects on many ailments. Hence an effort has been made to analyze and quantify the bioactive compounds and assess the antioxidant capacity in various extracts of Zingiber officinale rhizome. The presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, tannins, terpenoids, saponins, phytosterols and anthroquinones in various extracts of Zingiber officinale rhizome was confirmed through qualitative test. The total antioxidant capacity of fresh and dehydrated samples of Zingiber officinale rhizome was 872.97 mg and 1251.882 mg AA/100g respectively. Seventy compounds were identified in the hexane extract of Zingiber officinale rhizome, out of which Gingerol, β-Bisabolol that have been found which are supposed to be the leading players for diabetes type 2 treating therapy and thereby ginger and their constituents will show pivotal role in the control of diabetes and its complications via anti-hyperglycemic effect.
How to cite this article:
Karpagapandi L, B Farhat Sultana. Phytochemical profiling and antioxidant activity of Zingiber officinale rhizome. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(7):40-46.