Biological action and health benefits of honey, propolis and royal jelly: An overview
Prem Jose Vazhacharickal
Apiculture is the art of rearing honey bees in artificial hives and collecting various bee products especially honey, bee bread, bee venom, bee pollen, propolis and royal jelly. Honey is a very sweet, viscous syrup produced by the honey bees as well as stingless bees which is probably the first natural sweetener ever discovered, widely used as a nutritious food supplement and medicinal agent. The physical, chemical and nutritive properties of honey fluctuate based on the floral preferences, floral sources, climatic conditions and geographic features. Honey exhibits antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antihyperlipidemic, and cardioprotective properties. Due to these properties, it is used in the treatment of eye disorders, gastrointestinal tract diseases, neurological disorders, fertility disorders and wound healing activity. This review paper mainly focus on the biological and therapeutic effects of honey, propolis and royal jelly. They are effective in preventing diseases and promoting good health due to the presence of bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, phenolic acid, phenolic compounds, terpenes, and enzymes. The nutritional properties and functional values of honey, propolis and royal jelly differs widely. These potent apitherapeutic products should be standardized for correct dozes and checked for the allergic effects.
How to cite this article:
Prem Jose Vazhacharickal. Biological action and health benefits of honey, propolis and royal jelly: An overview. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(7):28-30.