COVID-19 pandemic challenges in piggery sector and economic losses due to classical swine fever in southern India
Karthiga S, Dinesh Kumar, Chilambarasan M, Ramakrishnan C and Satheeshkumar P
Classical Swine Fever is a highly contagious multi-systemic viral disease of swine. It caused major economic losses in pig producing countries around the world. The study was carried out to know the morbidity and mortality patterns, economic losses due to Classical Swine Fever in India. The study was conducted using descriptive research design in four districts where the highest pig population in southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It covering total of 240 piggery farmers by cluster and multistage random sampling. A total of 2455 animals were covered under study. Results revealed that overall rates of morbidity, mortality and case fatality rates among swine folk was estimated to be 20.24 percent, 16.42 percent and 81 percent respectively. Morbidity and mortality rates were reported higher in case of pigs less than 4 months of age than pigs more than 8 months of age. Females were found more susceptible for CSF disease than males in case of all breeds. Prevalence of CSF was observed higher during summer season. Morbidity and mortality rates was higher in case of crossbred pigs has compared to indigenous pigs. The total economic losses due to CSF in Tamil Nadu was worked out INR 1.89 million where mortality accounted highest share (82.4%) followed by morbidity (17.56%). Study suggests proper animal health care system to prevent occurrence of CSF disease in pigs and to adopt prompt safeguards against disease infection and economic loss due to CSF disease. Government and Animal husbandry departments should focus more attention towards proper livestock policy and animal development programmes accordingly.
How to cite this article:
Karthiga S, Dinesh Kumar, Chilambarasan M, Ramakrishnan C, Satheeshkumar P. COVID-19 pandemic challenges in piggery sector and economic losses due to classical swine fever in southern India. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(7):1504-1508.