The evolution of plant breeding techniques
D Shashibhushan and Ashish Reddy Muchanthula
Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. To improve agronomic traits associated with various traits in crop plants, several conventional and molecular approaches have been used, including genetic selection, whole-genome sequence-based approaches, physical maps, and functional genomic tools. However, recent advances in genome editing technology using programmable nucleases, and CRISPR-associated (Cas) proteins have opened the door to a new plant breeding era. Therefore, to increase the efficiency of crop breeding, researchers around the world are using novel strategies such as speed breeding, genome editing tools, and high-throughput phenotyping. In this review, we summarize recent findings on several aspects of crop breeding to describe the evolution of plant breeding practices, from traditional to modern speed breeding.
How to cite this article:
D Shashibhushan, Ashish Reddy Muchanthula. The evolution of plant breeding techniques. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(6):580-584.