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Vol. 10, Issue 6 (2021)

Standardizing dehydration technique for Cleretum bellidiforme and Calendula officinalis

Author(s):
Akram, Thaneshwari and Priyanshu Sharma
Abstract:
The present experiment was conducted on standardizing dehydration technique for Cleretum bellidiforme and Calendula officinalis by using embedding drying methods in room temperature and hot air oven at 55 °C. The experiment consisted of 10 treatments with 3 replications designed in completely randomized design. Treatments used were as; T1- fine silica (room temperature), T2- fine silica+borax (room temperature), T3-borax (room temperature), T4-soil (room temperature), T5-sand (room temperature), T6- sand (hot air oven at 55 °C), T7-borax (hot air oven at 55 °C), T8- fine silica (hot air oven at 55°C), T9- fine silica+ borax (hot air oven at 55 °C), T10- soil (hot air oven at 55 °C). In case of Cleretum bellidiforme dehydration, maximum reduction in flower weight (0.41g) was recorded in treatment T8 (fine silica embedding in hot air oven at 55 °C), T7 (0.41g) (borax embedding in hot air oven at 55˚ C) and T9 (0.41g) (fine silica+ borax embedding in hot air oven at 55˚ C). Minimum reduction in flower weight (0.27g) was recorded in treatment T5 (sand embedding, room temperature). Maximum flower diameter reduction (0.50 mm) after drying was reported in T8 (fine silica embedding in hot air oven at 55 ˚C) and minimum flower diameter reduction (0.10 mm) was recorded in T5 (sand embedding, room temperature). In case of Calendulla officinalis, maximum flower weight reduction (0.95g) was reported in T8 (silica embedding in hot air oven at 55˚C), which was found to be statistically superior to all other treatment. Minimum flower weight reduction (0.72g) was recorded in T4 (soil embedding, room temperature) and T5 (sand embedding, room temperature). Maximum flower diameter reduction (0.50 mm) was recorded in T4 (soil embedding, room temperature), which was found to be statistically highest diameter reduction from all other treatment. Minimum flower diameter reduction (0.10 mm) was recorded in T8 (fine silica embedding in hot air oven at 55 ˚C) and T1 (fine silica embedding in room temperature). Among all treatment, embedding drying with silica was found to be best in term of appearance and texture of these flowers after drying.
Pages: 458-461  |  232 Views  53 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Akram, Thaneshwari, Priyanshu Sharma. Standardizing dehydration technique for Cleretum bellidiforme and Calendula officinalis. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(6):458-461.
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