Comprehensive review on sea buckthorn: Biological activity and its potential uses
Roshan Kumar Shah, Aniket Idate, Vishal Ugale and Poorva
This review is result of various research and studies of comprehensive material regarding nutritional composition, biological activities as well as uses of sea buckthorn as food, medicine, cosmeceuticals, and feed. Sea buckthorn holds unique nutritional composition with Vitamins (A, C, D, E, F, K, P, and B complex vitamins), 18 free amino acid and unique unsaturated fatty acid profile that makes berry only plant source of omega- 7 fatty acid. Its bioactive phytochemical compounds possess various biological activity such as antioxidant activity, immunomodulatory, anti-carcinogenic, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, anti-atherogenic and radioprotective etc. in nature. Sea buckthorn is primarily consumed in its natural form although various products has been prepared. The potential of sea buckthorn as nutraceutical is abundant. When it comes to its medicinal aspect it can be used as extracts of pure form for curative as well as preventive measure of medical conditions. Many studies have showed Sea buckthorn as effective game changer to treat cancer as well as cardiovascular disorders and gastrointestinal ulcers. Cosmeceuticals that use sea buckthorn as ingredients has found to be effective on blackheads, dry skin, etc. Also, it is used as medicine in various skin diseases. Along with all the benefits and potentials it is necessary to develop effective products i.e., food, drugs, feed, cosmeceuticals in a market suitable and commercializable way to achieve and justify consumer demand and market trend.