Celiac disease: An epidemiological condition: Insight on gluten free diet, significance and regulatory recommendations
Author(s): Jaysi Kumari and Sonia Morya
Abstract: Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic small intestinal immune-mediated enteropathy due to exposure to dietary gluten in genetically vulnerable people. Enteropathy associated to the CD contributes to several macro- and micronutrient-related nutrient failures. Celiac disease remains underdiagnosed in several regions, which can result in severe health issues. Non-invasive and inexpensive ways, such as video capsule endoscopy, are currently used for the diagnosis of celiac disease. The aim of this paper is to safe cure for CD by excluding the gluten from the diet, and providing gluten free diet (GFD) according to regulatory recommendations. The diet must not only be free of gluten, but must also be nutritious in order to avoid nutrient, vitamin and mineral deficiency or excess. Hence, we included the GFD, DASH (Dietary Stop Hypertension Appropriations), balanced kidney diet, ketogenic diatribe and low-FODMAP (Fermentable Oligo-, Di-, Mono- saccharides and Polyols) diet, which are forms of medically trained diets. Latest analysis shows that both recently diagnosed and post-GFD CD patients also have nutritional deficiencies. The results of this study reveal the value of a nutritionally healthy diet plan as part of CD treatment. Since celiac disease is a chronic disorder with a variety of symptoms that can be successfully diagnosed and treated to avoid both acute and long-term consequences, it can educate regular clinical practise in all medical disciplines. Patients should live on a completely GFD. A healthy GFD should be focused on a mixture of naturally gluten-free foods and certified gluten-free processed items.