Multiplication of mycorrhiza and its effect on Zea mays L. in pot and bag experiment
Hlaing Hlaing Htay, Zaw Lin Aung and Soe Win
Present study was analyzed effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and vermicompost fertilizer on maize. The randomize complete block designs was conducted at Department of Plant Breeding, Physiology and Ecology field, Yezin Agricultural University in June to December 2018. In pot and bag experiments, the four treatments were used as control (T1), mycorrhizal biofertilizer (T2), vermicompost (T3) and vermicompost with mycorrhizal biofertilizer (T4). In bag experiment, the four treatments soil trap culture were mixed with pot experiment trap culture soil. The result of pot experiment was observed the maximum number of the spore (47.78), plant height (64.43cm) and mycorrhizal colonization (83.76%) in (T2). The result of bag experiment, the maximum number of the plant height (140.91cm), cob diameter (16.13cm), row per ear (9.20), spore number (51.00) and vegetative dry weight (42.53g) were showed in (T2). In treatment (T4) examined the maximum measurement of row length (11.38cm), width of ear leaf (5.78cm), ear dry weight (28.98g), row per ear (9.20), 100 seed weight (69.40g), kernel per ear (11.20), yield per plant (26.68g), vegetative fresh weight (101.60g), root fresh weight (48.51g), root dry weight (60.01g), plant fresh weight (150.11g) and shelling percent (84.20%). In treatment (T3) showed the maximum number of rows per ear (9.20), kernel per row (7.25) and plant dry weight (95.81g) in bag experiment. The correlation between spore numbers and harvest seed weight, yield per plant, ear dry weight, days to 50% tasseling, days to 50% earing are stronger correlation (above 0.9) relationship between each character but ear diameter are weak negative correlation (- 0.24). In the row length, kernel per ear, shelling percent, vegetative fresh weight, root dry weight, root fresh weight, plant fresh weight, row length were found strong correlation (above 0.8). Arbuscular mycorrhiza biofertilizer could be used economic yield and fertilizer applied in plant production.
How to cite this article:
Hlaing Hlaing Htay, Zaw Lin Aung, Soe Win. Multiplication of mycorrhiza and its effect on Zea mays L. in pot and bag experiment. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(4):09-21.