Effect of different levels of polishing on physico - chemical characteristics of barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea)
Sarojani J Karakannavar, Geeta Nayak and Jitendrakumar S Hilli
Barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacaea) is an ancient millet crop grown in warm and temperate regions of the world which thrives well even under adverse agro-climatic conditions. The present investigation was carried out with the objective to study the effect of polishing on physico-chemical characteristics of barnyard millet. The barnyard variety DhBM 93-2, released from UAS Dharwad was used for analysis. The grains were dehusked in Millet rubber Sheller and different levels of polishing were standardised using IDOSAW polisher. The physico – chemical characteristics of the unpolished, semi polished and fully polished Barnyard millet were analysed using standard procedures. Lower seed weight and volume was observed in Semi and fully polished barnyard millet as compared to unpolished barnyard millet. The unpolished grains exhibited significantly higher (p< 0.01) in hydration capacity, water absorption capacity and oil absorption capacity compared to semi polished and fully polished millets, but there was no significant difference observed in hydration index of processed barnyard millets. Thus, from the study it is evident that significant difference existed for physico-chemical characteistics between different levels of polishing in barnyard millet. From the study we can say that, barnyard millet can be polished to diversify their uses, alter their nutritive value and consumer acceptability.
How to cite this article:
Sarojani J Karakannavar, Geeta Nayak, Jitendrakumar S Hilli. Effect of different levels of polishing on physico - chemical characteristics of barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea). Pharma Innovation 2021;10(3):50-54.