Obesity is a heavy burden of multiple and serious, co-morbidities including metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Being obese can have a serious impact on health consequences such as cardiovascular disease, type 2diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders, etc. may cause premature death and substantial disability. This study was aimed to assess the efficacy of developed high fibre supplement made from locally available food resource on the management of obesity.
Results: A randomized clinical trial on 30 obese subjects was carried out for a period of 120 days. The supplementation was provided to meet 1/3rd daily requirement of calories. The supplement had protein content of 13.42±0.56g/100g, fat 2.39±0.23g/100g, energy 335.31±2.42kcal/100g, carbohydrate 61.84±0.62g/100g and dietary fibre25.35±0.12g/100g. At the end of the intervention programme, significant reduction (p< 0.05) in weight (67.74±7.99kg to 55.38±8.38kg) leading to reduction in body mass index (29.27±2.54kg/m2 to 23.13±2.61kg/m2), reduction in hip circumference (99.27±3.76cm to 90.12±3.11cm) and waist circumference (88.77±2.96cm to 81.28±2.89cm) was observed. Significant decrease (p< 0.05) in total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, HDL and VLDL was observed at the end of intervention period.
Conclusion: This intervention study showed desirable effects on body weight and biochemical parameters and provides substitutional evidence that high fibre supplement can reduce obesity and related risk factors.