Studies on fatty acid profile, physico-chemical properties and phyto-esterol contents of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) seed oil
GM Machewad, AR Sawate, Syed Zubair and RB Kshirsagar
Present work have been undertaken to know the physico-chemical qualities of dried bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) seed oil. Bitter gourd seed oil possessed antibacterial, anti-diabetic, anti-fungal, anti-tumour etc properties, for these reasons bitter gourd seed oil gained great importance in pharmaceuticals and ayurvedic medicine. In present investigation the fresh bitter gourds were cleaned, cut and separated seeds were dried and preceded for oil extraction. The bitter gourd seed oil was analyzed for physico-chemical properties, fatty acid composition and phyto-esterol contents. It was observed that bitter gourd seed oil possessed 64.27±3.77 percent of poly unsaturated fatty acid. The physico-chemical properties of bitter gourd seed oil showed that, bitter gourd seed oil contain 145.22± 2.20 mg KOH/g value for saponification value, 111.00 ± 1.20 gI2 for iodine value and 4.02 ± 0.12 mg KOH/g for acid value. The phytoesterol contents of bitter gourd seed oil contained campesterol, stigmasterol and beta sitosterol in good proportion. From the research it was concluded that bitter gourd seed oil possessed good fatty acid profile and phytoesterol contents.
How to cite this article:
GM Machewad, AR Sawate, Syed Zubair, RB Kshirsagar. Studies on fatty acid profile, physico-chemical properties and phyto-esterol contents of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) seed oil. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(3):399-402.