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Vol. 10, Issue 1 (2021)

Physical characteristics and nutrient composition of chilli (Capsicum annumm L.) germplasm under Konkan condition

Author(s):
Ashwini Pardeshi, Pooja Sawant, PB Sanap, SB Dodake and Rahi Risbud
Abstract:
Physical characteristics viz., fruit diameter, length, weight, colour and nutritional composition viz., Moisture, Ascorbic acid, Total N, P, K, and Micronutrients viz., Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu of hundred chilli germplasm were studied during Kharif season, 2018-2019 at Vegetative Improvement Scheme, Central Research Station, Wakawali, Dapoli. Among the hundred chilli germplasm, highest fruit diameter (1.2cm) was recorded in DPLC-15, Wakawali-20 and Konkan kirti of pure chilli germplasm and WKLC-11 and WKLC-14 of F5 germplasm. WKLC-6 (9.4cm) of F5 generation showed maximum fruit length, while maximum fruit weight was found in DPLC-15 (31.60 g) of pure chilli germplasm. Significant difference was observed in hundred chilli germplasm. Highest moisture percentage (93.58 %) was recorded in WKLC-1 of F2 generation of chilli germplasm while Ascorbic acid was found to be maximum (196.06 mg 100 g-1) in WKLC-15 of F6 generation of chilli germplasm. Highest nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium contents were found in WKLC-12 (1.75%), WKLC-2 (0.20%) and WKLC-10 (2.92%) of F2 generation. Highest values for iron, zinc and copper content were found in WKLC-18 (23.41 mg kg-1), WKLC-6 (42.75 mg kg-1) and WKLC-3 (45.37 mg kg-1), respectively, of F2 generation of chilli germplasm. Manganese content was found to be highest in Wakawali-19 (34.66 mg kg-1) of pure chilli germplasm. The correlation revealed that fruit diameter and fruit length had significant positive correlation with fruit weight. Moisture had positive and significant correlation with iron, zinc and manganese. Iron had positive and significant correlation with manganese. Manganese showed significant positive correlation with zinc and copper content.
Pages: 109-116  |  553 Views  117 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Ashwini Pardeshi, Pooja Sawant, PB Sanap, SB Dodake, Rahi Risbud. Physical characteristics and nutrient composition of chilli (Capsicum annumm L.) germplasm under Konkan condition. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(1):109-116.

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