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Vol. 9, Issue 6 (2020)

An epidemiological and ultrasonographic study of renal failure in canine

Author(s):
Shashi Prakash Singh, Pallav Shekhar, Gyan Dev Singh, Vivek Kumar Singh, Ajeet Kumar and JK Prasad
Abstract:
Renal failure (RF) in canine is mainly identified as progressive and irreversible loss of functioning nephrons and thus kidney, may lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. To understand such changes, an experiment was conducted in Department of Veterinary Medicine targeting the incidence and ultrasonographic findings. A total of 2480 canine patients were screened, apparently showing symptoms of renal failure, during the study period from November 2015 to April 2016 at teaching veterinary clinical complex, Bihar Veterinary College, Patna. Level of Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine were applied for preliminary screening and ultrasonographic changes in kidney in renal failure were appreciated. Out of 2480 patients selected for assessment of renal failure, 42 animals(1.69%) were found to be suffered from both acute and chronic renal failure.Retrospective study on canine cases presented in the year 2014 and 2015 suggest the incidence of renal problem as 1.19% and 2.39% in the year 2014 and 2015, respectively. On the basis of biochemical (serum creatinine and BUN) and clinical study, the suspected and confirmatory percentage of renal problem in canine in year 2014, 2015 and 2016 were (56.17% & 27.65%) (62.37% &30.06%) and (60.91% & 24.27%) respectively. The average age for renal failure (both sexes) were found to be 7.95 years. Significant ultrasonoraphic findings were hydronephrosis (8.33%), hyperechoic cortex (33.3%), oval and small sized kidney (25%), loss of cortico-medullary junction (58.33%), renomegaly (12.5%) and renal calculi (4.16%).
Pages: 121-127  |  425 Views  11 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Shashi Prakash Singh, Pallav Shekhar, Gyan Dev Singh, Vivek Kumar Singh, Ajeet Kumar, JK Prasad. An epidemiological and ultrasonographic study of renal failure in canine. Pharma Innovation 2020;9(6):121-127. DOI: 10.22271/tpi.2020.v9.i6b.4737
The Pharma Innovation Journal