Abstract:Position of the Problem:
The lack of industry and the precariousness of electricity and gas in underdeveloped countries such as Benin means that women, in their daily activities, resort to the use of firewood. They are therefore frequently exposed to fumes and gases from wood combustion during smoking. The aim of the research was to study the prevalence of obstructive ventilatory disorder in women exercising the fish smoking activity in Porto-Novo.
Methods: Explore the respiratory function of women fish smokers working at artisanal smoking sites in Porto-Novo. Following an investigation of the history and pathological respiratory manifestations that occurred over the past 12 months, subjects underwent functional respiratory exploration.
Results: The main results obtained reveal that the subjects are moderately young and not obese. Obstructive syndromes are also found in the upper and lower airways of the subjects. Rhinitis is the most common respiratory disease in these subjects, followed by chronic bronchitis and asthma. The diagnosis of dyspnea revealed only stage I and II dyspnea.
Conclusion: Women's exposure to smoke and gases from burning firewood during fish smoking practices has a negative impact on their respiratory parameters. Extending this study to more women, other parts of the country and long-term follow-up would lead to more relevant conclusions.