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Vol. 9, Issue 3 (2020)

Prescribing and utilization pattern of drugs used among cataract surgery patients in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Author(s):
Mohammad Arshad, Raghunandan Mudium, Mohd Fayazuddin and A Manjushree
Abstract:
Objectives: To analyze and evaluate the prescribing & utilization pattern of drugs used preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively in patients undergoing cataract surgery using world health organisation (WHO) core prescribing indicators so as to promote rational usage of drugs among cataract surgery patients.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective, observational hospital based study, carried out in the medical record section department of Raichur institute of medical sciences, a tertiary care teaching hospital in raichur, karnataka. A total of 138 patient’s prescriptions/case record forms were collected who were admitted during the period of 6 months from January 2019 to June 2019 and the data collected was analysed using WHO core prescribing drug use indicators.
Results: The maximum number of cataract patients belonged to age group of 45-65 years (69.57%) with female sex predominance (69.57%). The average number of drugs per prescription was 4.7. Ciprofloxacin, ranitidine, ciprofloxacin+dexamethasone, diclofenac accounted for majority of the drugs prescribed. Percentage of encounters in which an antibiotic was prescribed was 99.27%, percentage of drugs prescribed by generic name was 05.38%, percentage of drugs prescribed from national list of essential medicines (NLEM) 2015 was 92.77% & fixed dose combination (FDC) prescribed were 15.69%.
Conclusion: To conclude, our study gave us an in general pattern about use of drugs among cataract surgery patients in our tertiary care teaching hospital. Poly pharmacy and high percentage of antibiotics prescription & low percentage of prescription of drugs by generic names are some concerns that need to be addressed to promote rational prescribing habit. However prescribing according to the essential drug list is good in our hospital.
Pages: 733-736  |  337 Views  74 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Mohammad Arshad, Raghunandan Mudium, Mohd Fayazuddin, A Manjushree. Prescribing and utilization pattern of drugs used among cataract surgery patients in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Pharma Innovation 2020;9(3):733-736.
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