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Vol. 9, Issue 2 (2020)

Cognitive abilities of preschool children as per gender

Author(s):
Diksha and Chandrakala Singh
Abstract:
Preschool period, which continues till the primary school, personify one of the most crucial periods of development. Not only the rapid brain development takes place during these preschool years, but also substructure for sound social-emotional, physical-motor, language and cognitive development can be set if due care is given during the preschool period. Cognitive processes develop in an orderly sequence and depend on maturation of brain and interaction with their environment. Further its outcome depends on the quality of children’s experiences both inside and outside of the formal classroom because young children go through a series of psychosocial and neurological changes. The main purpose of the study was to investigate cognitive abilities of preschool children as per gender. The study was conducted in Hisar district of Haryana state. For selection of rural data four schools having preschool unit were selected and to draw urban sample five preschools were selected at random. From selected schools 240 pre-school children from the age group of four to five years were selected randomly. The sample consisted of equal number of preschool boys and preschool girls. Cognitive abilities of pre-school children were assessed by using Pandey’s Cognitive Development Test for Pre-schoolers by Hema Pandey (1992). The collected data was classified and tabulated. For analysis of data frequency, percentages, mean, standard deviation and independent sample ‘z’ test were used. Results indicated that girls as well as boys majority of the preschool children had average level of cognitive abilities and preschool girls had better cognitive abilities as compared to preschool boys.
Pages: 85-87  |  1077 Views  264 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Diksha, Chandrakala Singh. Cognitive abilities of preschool children as per gender. Pharma Innovation 2020;9(2):85-87.

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