Comparative evaluation of Articaine bupivacaine and Lidocaine for laparotomies using paravertebral anaesthetic technique in ruminants
Vijay Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Usturge SS, BV Shivaprakash, Patil NA and MK Tandle
The study was conducted through comparative evaluation of data presented to TVCC, Veterinary College, Bidar. 18cattles were randomly divided into 3 groups with 6 animals in each group Cattles in group I, II and III were operated under Articaine, Bupivacaine and Lidocaine local anaesthesia respectively. The clinical evaluation was done with physiological, haematological and biochemical parameters in cattles. After administering local anaesthetic agent Articaine had quickest and better analgesic effect than Bupivacaine and Lidocaine. The longest duration of analgesia was observed in Bupivacaine followed by Articaine. Physiological parameters showed fluctuations within the normal range. Significant neutrophilia with relative lymphocytopenia was observed in Lidocaine group animals otherwise in Articaine and Bupivacaine group haematological parameters decreased from 0 hours to 48 hours at all the intervals however remained within normal range. Biochemical parameters in all groups were within the normal range however Aspartate Amino-Transferase (AST) showed increase from 0 to 48 hours in all groups. Articaine can be preferred for major surgeries involving efficient regional anesthesia of intermediate duration while Bupivacaine can be preferred for longer duration surgery.
How to cite this article:
Vijay Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Usturge SS, BV Shivaprakash, Patil NA, MK Tandle. Comparative evaluation of Articaine bupivacaine and Lidocaine for laparotomies using paravertebral anaesthetic technique in ruminants. Pharma Innovation 2020;9(1):235-242.