Mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt) (Hemiptera: Aphididae): A review
MP Gautam, SN Singh, Pardeep Kumar, PK Misra, SK Yadav, DP Singh and MK Pandey
The mustard crop is more vulnerable to a wide variety of insect pests from sowing till harvest than other oil seed crops. The invasion by insect pests are one of the important factors responsible for low yield such as; mustard aphid, L. erysimi (Kalt), cabbage aphid, B. brassica (L), mustard sawfly, A. proxima (Klug), cabbage butterfly, P. brassicae (Linn), painted bug, B.picta (K), mustard leaf eater, S. litura(F), leaf miner, Ch. Horticola (Goureau) thrips, T. tabaci and whitefly, B. tabaci (Gennedius). Among them, L. erysimi Kalt enbach, (Aphididae: Homoptera) is the most devastating pest in India and is distributed in many other countries also found most preferred crop to sucking complex and six varieties of mustard. Aphids are small, soft-bodied, pearl-shaped insects that have a pair of cornicles (honey tubes) projecting out from the fifth or sixth abdominal segment. There are four nymphal stages (instars). The winged, female, adult aphids have a dusky green abdomen with dark lateral stripes separating the body segments and dusky wing veins. Male aphids are olive-green to brown in color. The aphid attacks generally during December and continues till March. The most favorable temperature is 200C or below. Cloudy and cold weather help in accelerating the growth of insects. About 45 generations are completed in a year.
How to cite this article:
MP Gautam, SN Singh, Pardeep Kumar, PK Misra, SK Yadav, DP Singh, MK Pandey. Mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt) (Hemiptera: Aphididae): A review. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(9):90-95.