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Vol. 8, Issue 7 (2019)

A quasi experimental study to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in selected government schools, at Panipat

Author(s):
Anju and Meena Kumari
Abstract:
Background of the study: Current population of India in 2018 is estimated to be 1.30billion, second most populers country also it has the largest population of adolescents in the world being home to 243 million individuals aged 10-19 years. Female adolescents compusses 46.9% and male adolescent 53.1%* according to census data, the child sex ratio (0.6years) in india was 927 girls per 1000 boys in 2001,which dropped drastically to 914 girls for every 1000 boys in 2011.In 2012 UNICEF, report ranked. India 41st among 195 countries. Haryana is the 16th largest state in India in terms of population. Population of Haryana in 2018 is and about 23% of that composed of adolescent population. Today’s adolescent are tomorrow’s adults who are the strength of the nation. Today’s adolescent girls are future homemakers. Most of the adolescents tend to be extremely unaware of their own body their physical wellbeing and psychological change. Half of the adolescent age 12-15 years residing in 8th to 12th standards does not know about menstruation until its onset.
Methods: A Quesi experimental research design (pre-test, post-test design) was adopted in the present study. Totally 80 students those who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected by Simple random sampling technique. Data was collected using socio demographic variables with structure knowledge questionnaire.
Results: A pre-test was taken by using self structured knowledge questionnaire. After 7 days post-test was taken. The result of the post-test score revealed that the structured teaching programme had its impact on improving the level of knowledge regarding ill effects of alcohol consumption among senior secondary school students. The overall mean pre-test scores in experimental group was 12.47, the mean post-test scores was 23.47 and the mean difference was 11.000, the standard deviation for the following is 2.34 for pre-test and 1.70 for post-test and ‘t’ value at 0.05 level of significance is 19.390 which is statistically significant at p<0.05 level, and the mean pre-test scores in control group was 13.57, the mean post-test scores was 18.50 and the mean difference was 4.933, the standard deviation for the following is 2.73 for pre-test and 2.61 for post-test and ‘t’ value at 0.05 level of significance is 8.320. There was no significant association between the pretest level of knowledge and the selected socio- demographic variables in experimental group and in control group.
Conclusion: The participants had less knowledge regarding ill effects of menstrual hygiene, which indicated the need for learning the same. The structured teaching programme was found to be effective in increasing the knowledge of students regarding menstrual hygiene.
Pages: 182-188  |  763 Views  191 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Anju, Meena Kumari. A quasi experimental study to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in selected government schools, at Panipat. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(7):182-188.

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