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Vol. 8, Issue 7 (2019)

A study on prescribing pattern of antibiotics in lower respiratory tract infection among adults in tertiary care teaching hospital

Author(s):
S Suwitha, P Suriya, M Senthilvelan, K Baburaj and A Elaiyaraja
Abstract:
Background: Antibiotics are medicines that are strong and effective for treating various bacterial infections. Among the most commonly prescribed drugs in adults are antibiotics. Antibiotic overuse and inappropriate use has resulted in antibiotic resistance and failure of treatment.
Objective: To assess the prescription pattern of antibiotics in lower respiratory tract infection in adults at RMMCH teaching hospital.
Methods: It was a Prospective observational study done in Department of Medicine, A tertiary care teaching hospital in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu. The patient data was collected by using well designed patient data collection form and their prescription were recorded and analysed.
Results: Total 80 subjects were enrolled into the study among that 52 were male and 28 female. The patients are divided into 7 age trends. The study shows that maximum number of patients 23 (28.75%) were between age group of 50-59 yrs. Majority of patients included in the study had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute exacerbation 18 (22.5%). Followed by Asthma with acute exacerbation 16 (20%), Bronchitis 15 (18.75%), old tuberculosis with sequelae 12 (15%), Bronchiectasis 11 (13.75%) and Pneumonia 8 (10%). All the patients were prescribed with antibiotics. 41 patients received single antibiotic, 36 patients received two antibiotics and 3 patients received three antibiotics.
Conclusion: Lower respiratory tract infection is the most common infectious disease. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with acute exacerbation comprises the greater portion in adults. Most commonly prescribed antibiotics were a single drug category cefotaxime 20. Followed by two drugs combination category was Ceftriaxone with Azithromycin 11. And three drugs combination category was Ampicillin + Amikacin + Levofloxacin 2.
Pages: 169-174  |  833 Views  198 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
S Suwitha, P Suriya, M Senthilvelan, K Baburaj, A Elaiyaraja. A study on prescribing pattern of antibiotics in lower respiratory tract infection among adults in tertiary care teaching hospital. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(7):169-174.

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