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Vol. 8, Issue 6 (2019)

Root exudates a key factor for soil and plant: An overview

SS More, SE Shinde and MC Kasture
Root exudate is one of the ways for plant communication to the neighboring plant and adjoining of microorganisms present in the rhizosphere of the root. The chemicals ingredients of the root exudates are specific to a particular plant species and also depend on the nearby biotic and abiotic environment. The chemical ingredient exuded by plant roots include amino acids, sugars, organic acids, vitamins, nucleotides, various other secondary metabolites and many other high molecular weight substances as primarily mucilage and some unidentified substances. Through the exudation of a wide variety of compounds, roots may regulate the soil microbial community in their immediate vicinity, cope with herbivores, encourage beneficial symbioses, change the chemical and physical properties of the soil and inhibit the growth of competing plant species. Root exudates mediate various positive and negative interactions like plant-plant and plant-microbe interactions. The present review has been undertaken to examine the possible role of root exudates on nourishing the neighboring microorganisms present in the rhizosphere of the root. Plants secrete both high-and low-molecular weight compounds from their roots, and these root exudates function not only as nutrients for soil microbes but as signal molecules in plant–microbe interactions. All plants establish symbiotic interactions with rhizobia and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to obtain several nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphate. In these interactions, flavonoids and strigolactones in root exudates serve as signal molecules to establish the symbiotic interactions. Root exudates from some plants also function to acidify surrounding soils to acquire phosphate. Here, we provide an overview of the functions of root exudates with emphasis on the interaction between plants and soil microbes and also on the acquisition of nutrients from surrounding soil.
Pages: 449-459  |  613 Views  227 Downloads

The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
SS More, SE Shinde, MC Kasture. Root exudates a key factor for soil and plant: An overview. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(6):449-459.

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