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Vol. 8, Issue 6 (2019)

Growth and yield characters of arecanut (Areca catechu L.) in Terai zone of West Bengal

Author(s):
G Chandrashekhar and Himadri Bhattacharjee
Abstract:
This experiment was conducted at Horticultural Instructional Farm of Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari. In total experiment seven plots, three plots with Mohitnagar and one each with Mangala, Sreemangala, Sumangala and Kahikuchi were selected. Various growth and yield parameters of arecanut observed. Average plant height was observed in maximum 5.6 m in Mohitnagar (Model-III) and Sumangala (Model-VI), number of leaves in the crown was observed 10 in variety Kahikuchi, length of leaf was recorded to be 147.90 cm in case of Kahikuchi, breadth of leaf maximum 184.1 cm in Sreemangala in Model-I, girth at collar observed at 30 cm from ground level was found to be maximum of 81.4 cm in case of Kahikuchi (Model-VII), number of scar marks from ground level was observed to be maximum 51.4 in case of Mohitnagar (Model-V), number of bunches recorded maximum 3.6 in var. Mohitnagar (Model-I, II and III), total number of fruits per plant was observed 348 in Mohitnagar (Model-V), fruit length was observed maximum 7.0 cm in Mohitnagar (Model-IV), fruit breadth was observed maximum 6.9 cm in Mohitnagar (Model-IV), fresh weight of fruit husk was observed maximum 37.40 g in Mohitnagar (Model-III), Average fresh weight of individual fruit kernel was observed in maximum 17.2 g in Mangala (Model-II), fresh weight of whole fruit was observed in maximum of 53.10 g in Sumangala (Model-VI), Fresh husk to kernel ratio was observed to be maximum of 0.52 in var. Mohitnagar (Model-IV) and Kahikuchi (Model-VII), maximum husk dry weight was observed to be 8.60 g in variety Sumangala (Model-VI), dry weight of Kernal was observed in maximum 8.30 g in Mohitnagar (Model-III), dry weight of whole fruit was observed in maximum of 15.90 g in Sumangala (Model-VI), Dry husk to kernel ratio was observed in maximum of 1.1 in var. Mangala (Model-II) and Mohitnagar (Model-III), length of kernel also observe in maximum 3.10 cm in Mohitnagar (Model-V). Average diameter of kernel (nut) was observed to be maximum 2.90 cm in case of Mohitnagar (Model-V).
Pages: 427-429  |  615 Views  364 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
G Chandrashekhar, Himadri Bhattacharjee. Growth and yield characters of arecanut (<em>Areca catechu</em> L.) in Terai zone of West Bengal. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(6):427-429.

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