Vol. 8, Issue 4 (2019)
in vitro antibacterial activity of sixteen medicinal plants collected from nearby region of Junagadh, Gujarat (India)
Kajal B Pandya, Harshad B Patel, Punit R Bhatt, Urvesh D Patel and Chirag M Modi
Evaluation of phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activity of few medicinal plants collected from nearby area of Junagadh, Gujarat, India was carried out. Presence of phytochemicals in different types of extracts (chloroform, alcoholic and aqueous) was evaluated as per standard chemical methods. All extracts were evaluated for having antibacterial action using disc diffusion assay with selected bacterial cultures. Out of 16 medicinal plants methanolic extract of Adansonia digitata L. leaves showed a zone of inhibition against Klebsiella pneumoniae (20.02±0.08 mm) and Salmonella typhi (20.69±0.08 mm). Methanol and water extracts of Ficus racemosa L. bark showed a zone of inhibition of 18.48±0.02 mm and 19.68±0.03 mm, respectively against Escherichia coli. Whereas chloroform and methanol extracts of Pueraria tuberosa (Willd.) DC tuber has showed a zone of inhibition of 20.68±0.03 mm and 19.73±0.3 mm, respectively against Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus agalactiae. Phytochemical screening of all the plants revealed the presence of various phytochemicals like alkaloid, flavonoids, steroidal compounds etc. The result from the study may be useful for further research on bio-prospecting.
How to cite this article:
Kajal B Pandya, Harshad B Patel, Punit R Bhatt, Urvesh D Patel, Chirag M Modi. <em>in vitro</em> antibacterial activity of sixteen medicinal plants collected from nearby region of Junagadh, Gujarat (India). Pharma Innovation 2019;8(4):662-667.