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Vol. 8, Issue 4 (2019)

Comparative study on nutritional status between vegetarian and non-vegetarian diabetic patient (type 2), age group of 30-50 years

Author(s):
Paramita Jana, Sudip Kumar Das and Souvik Tewari
Abstract:
Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of different organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, and blood vessels. Several pathogenic processes are involved in the development of diabetes. Body weight (kg) is measured by weight machine, height (cm) is measured by anthropometric rod, BMI (kg/m2) is calculating by formula (weight in kg/height in m2) and MUAC (cm) is measured by MUAC tape. Under nutritional assessment carbohydrate, protein and fat consumption are collected from patient by questionary method. Under bio-chemical assessment glucose fasting and Pp level of the patient are collected from laboratory. In the study of weight it is found that the mean weight of vegetarian diabetic patient is higher than the non-vegetarian diabetic patient’s mean weight. The mean of weight of vegetarian diabetic patient is 65.3 kg is significant (*), and the mean weight. of non-vegetarian diabetic patient is 58.03 kg is not significant. In the study of height, it is found that the mean height of vegetarian diabetic patient is higher than the non-vegetarian diabetic patient’s mean height. The mean of height of vegetarian diabetic patient is 161.3 cm is significant (*), and the mean height of non-vegetarian diabetic patient is 160.4 is not significant. In the study of BMI, it is found that the mean BMI of vegetarian diabetic patient is higher than the non-vegetarian diabetic patient’s mean BMI. The mean BMI of vegetarian diabetic patient is 26.00 23.4 kg/m2 is not significant, and the mean BMI of non-vegetarian diabetic patient is 23.4 kg/m2 is significant (*) In the study of MUAC it is found that the mean MUAC of vegetarian diabetic patient is higher than the non-vegetarian diabetic patient’s mean MUAC. The mean MUAC of vegetarian diabetic patient is 26 cm is not significant. And the mean MUAC of non-vegetarian diabetic patient is 23 cm is significant (*). Carbohydrate consumption of vegetarian diabetic patient is higher than non- vegetarian diabetic patient. The mean carbohydrate consumption of vegetarian diabetic patient is 331.38 gm is not significant. The mean carbohydrate consumption of non-vegetarian diabetic patient is 262.47 gm is significant (*). Fat consumption of vegetarian diabetic patient is lower than non- vegetarian diabetic patient. The mean fat consumption of vegetarian diabetic patient is 40.36 gm is significant (*). The mean fat consumption of non-vegetarian diabetic patient is 32.66 gm is not significant. Protein consumption of vegetarian diabetic patient is lower than non- vegetarian diabetic patient. The mean protein consumption of vegetarian diabetic patient is 53.12 gm is significant (*). The mean protein consumption of non-vegetarian diabetic patient is 57.58 gm is not significant. The glucose fasting and Pp level of vegetarian diabetic patient is lower than non vegetarian diabetic patient. The fasting level of vegetarian diabetic patient is 130.1 gm/dl and fasting level of non-vegetarian patient is 158.9 mg/dl both are significant (*). The Pp level of the vegetarian diabetic patient is 198.0 mg/dl and Pp level of non-vegetarian diabetic patient is 254.8 gm/dl both are not significant.
Pages: 247-249  |  246 Views  7 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Paramita Jana, Sudip Kumar Das, Souvik Tewari. Comparative study on nutritional status between vegetarian and non-vegetarian diabetic patient (type 2), age group of 30-50 years. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(4):247-249.
The Pharma Innovation Journal