Vol. 8, Issue 4 (2019)
Umbilical hernia in ruminant calves: A review
The following study was conducted in 6 cases of calves having congenital hernia. In six calves 5 were female. The animals were examined physically. During examination distinct hernial ring was noticed. The hernias were classified as reducible hernias as no adhesions were noticed. The animals were subjected to herniorapphy. The animals were prepared surgically via clipping and shaving of hairs and preparing the site aseptically. The animals were sedated using Xylazine 0.03 to 0.05 mg/ Kg bodyweight. The site of operation was desensitized using 2% lignocaine hydrochloride by local infilteration. The animals were restrained in dorsal recumbency. An elliptical incision was given on the hernial ring. While giving incision care was taken not to puncture any visceral organ. After giving incision, the contents of intact peritoneum was inverted into abdominal cavity. After repositioning of the hernial ring, kelotomy was performed. After Kelotomy, the hernial ring was sutured with over-lapping mattress suture ‘Vest Over Pant’ using Nylon No.2. The sutures were first preplaced and then tightened from centre to pheriphery. The skin of hernial sac was trimmed off and the skin lateral to hernial ring was undermined and sutures were put to the skin using Nylon by simple interrupted pattern. The animals were treated post-operatively with antibiotics for 5 days and with anti-inflammatory for 3 days. The sutures were removed after 20th post-operative day. All the animals recovered uneventfully.
How to cite this article:
Vinit Doijode. Umbilical hernia in ruminant calves: A review. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(4):164-167.