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Vol. 8, Issue 3 (2019)

Climate change and its impacts on global health: A review

Author(s):
Vandita Mishra, Pankaj Kumar Patel, Bhoomika, Anjali, Ankit Shukla, Anshuk Sharma and Brijesh Patel
Abstract:
The early costs of global climate change (GCC) are well documented. However, future impacts on ecosystem health, and on the health of humans, domestic animals, and wildlife, are much less well understood. Evidence of rising frequency of excessive weather events of geographic changes in vector-borne disease (VBD), and of altered animal behavioral responses deserves action. To make valid choices, however, practitioners and decision makers must understand what is known about GCC. There will be a huge number of microbial, vectors, and host responses to climate change, for example, and not all organisms will respond similarly or across equal time scales. During the past 50 years or so, patterns of emerging arbovirus diseases have changed drastically. Climate change, especially increasing temperatures and rainfall is a major determining factor in the spastial and temporal distribution of life cycles of arthropods and its association, evolution as well as transmission of emerging arboviruses to vertebrate hosts. Ecological disturbances, especially due to human intervention exert an influence on the emergence and proliferation of emerging and zoonotic diseases. In this brief review we are studying potential impact on human as well as animal health from vector-borne infection due to climate change.
Pages: 316-326  |  160 Views  14 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Vandita Mishra, Pankaj Kumar Patel, Bhoomika, Anjali, Ankit Shukla, Anshuk Sharma, Brijesh Patel. Climate change and its impacts on global health: A review. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(3):316-326.
The Pharma Innovation Journal