Harnessing nature's bounty: A comprehensive review on the medicinal applications of Lawsonia inermis
Lawsonia inermis, commonly known as henna, has been valued for centuries for its diverse medicinal properties. the plant, native to regions of North Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia, holds cultural significance as a natural dye for body art and hair, but its applications extend far beyond aesthetics. This review explores the extensive traditional and scientific knowledge surrounding the medicinal use of Lawsonia inermis. The bioactive compounds present in this plant such as lawsone, tannins, and flavonoids, contribute to its various therapeutic effects. The plant is renowned for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties, making it a valuable candidate for treating skin disorders, wounds, and infections. Topical applications of Lawsonia inermis, either as a paste or oil, have been traditionally used for wound healing, burns, and as an anti-pruritic agent. Moreover, this plant has demonstrated potential in hair and scalp care, exhibiting anti-dandruff and hair conditioning effects. The pant’s antimicrobial properties extend to its traditional use in oral care, with studies suggesting its efficacy against common oral pathogens. In addition to dermatological applications, Lawsonia inermis, has shown promise in the management of various health conditions, including diabetes. Its hypoglycemic effects and possible role in improving insulin sensitivity warrant further investigation for its integration into diabetes management strategies. As we navigate the dual realms of cultural heritage and evidence-based medicine, this review highlights the need for further research to validate and optimize the medicinal applications of Lawsonia inermis, paving the way for its enhanced utilization in contemporary healthcare practice.