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Vol. 7, Issue 8 (2018)

Relationships between serum electrolytes and febrile seizure

Deia K Khalaf, Yusra K Al-Rawi and Maaesah S Abdulrahman
Background: Febrile seizures as a seizure occurring in febrile children between theages of 6 and 60 months who do not have an intracranial infection,metabolic disturbance, or history of afebrile seizures, The mechanism ofseizure activity is altered in hyponatremia, due to deficiency of sodiumion, more calcium ion influx, and generation of repetitive actionpotential which will cause repetitive seizure initiation. Our study to assess the effect of serum electrolyte (Na+,k+,Ca+2) in children withfebrile convulsion. Patients and Method: A case-control study was conducted from 1 stof October 2017 till 31th ofJanuary 2018 and involved 60 children aged 6 months to 6 years, dividedinto 30 cases with febrile convulsion and the other 30 were normalchildren (control). Cases and control were collected from pediatric floorand pediatric emergency unit in Al-Imamain Al-Kadhimin teachinghospital. The information taking from the case sheets. Results: We found serum electrolyte disturbance Na is decreased (66.7%),K+ isincreased (16.7%) and Ca+2 is decreased (6.7%) respectively. mostcommon age group affected <2 y (36.6%). Complex seizure associatedwith (Na+, K+, Ca+2)disturbance. Family history and status epilepticus more commonin complex group (26.6%). Conclusion: There is significant association between serum electrolyte (Na+, K+, Ca+2)level and febrile convulsion.
Pages: 227-230  |  427 Views  18 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Deia K Khalaf, Yusra K Al-Rawi, Maaesah S Abdulrahman. Relationships between serum electrolytes and febrile seizure. Pharma Innovation 2018;7(8):227-230.
The Pharma Innovation Journal