Chronic hypocalcaemia due to continuous feeding of seed cover of field beans (Mochai or Hyacinth)
Dr. M Sabapathi and Dr. M Jayanthi
Hyacinth bean is commonly cultivated in the slope of hilly region in Tamilnadu. Seed cover is being used to feed cattle, sheep and goat. Although the seed is a good protein source, seed cover is having tannin as anti-nutritive. When the cow was fed with seed cover of hyacinth for nearly one month period of time tannin content in the seed cover chelated calcium ions available in the feed to the cows thereby reduced blood serum calcium ion concentration to 2.8mg%.The clinical symptoms observed were anorexia, constipation, lack of rumination or rumen motility, for the past one month. Restlessness, tremors, ear twitching, head bobbing, mild ataxia, Limping and reluctant to walk were observed. Cow dung was pellet with shinning mucous cover. Animal was emaciated; Ribs, scapula and pelvic bony prominence were clearly protruding through the skin. Recorded rectal temperature was 37ºC. 500 ml of Calcium Borogluconate (Mifex) was infused through intravenous route. Immediately after treatment recoveries were noticed in gait and rumination. Animal started taking feed at the spot itself. Owner was advised to withdraw the Hyacinth seed cover from the ration. After one week of therapy, the cow was completely recovered from other clinical signs.
How to cite this article:
Dr. M Sabapathi, Dr. M Jayanthi. Chronic hypocalcaemia due to continuous feeding of seed cover of field beans (Mochai or Hyacinth). Pharma Innovation 2018;7(7):852-853.