Vol. 7, Issue 7 (2018)
Stroke its types & risk factors: An overview
K Venkata Swathi Krishna, V Hema Soujanya, G Geethika, P Sai Sunil and P Priyanka
The objective of this review is to have an insight into economic evaluation studies in the field of stroke. Strokes are brain attacks. They occur when the blood supply to the brain gets blocked. It is a medical emergency that needs immediate medical attention. When stroke occurs, the brain does not receive enough oxygen or nutrients then causing brain cells to die. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible to minimize brain damage. Treatment is dependent on the type of stroke occurred. The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle and treating underlying conditions that could be a risk factor. Before developing new medical facilities or adapting existing facilities in the field of stroke, it is desirable to assess not only the medical, but also the economic consequences of such facilities. The more common kind, called ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. The other kind, called hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain. "Mini-strokes" or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), occur when the blood supply to the brain is briefly interrupted. In this review a short note is mentioned about risk factors of stroke and their diagnostic tests for various types of stroke and summarizes the prevention and treatment of stroke.
How to cite this article:
K Venkata Swathi Krishna, V Hema Soujanya, G Geethika, P Sai Sunil, P Priyanka. Stroke its types & risk factors: An overview. Pharma Innovation 2018;7(7):767-772.