Quantitative phytochemical analysis of Portulaca oleracea Linn. growing in unpolluted and polluted area
Portulaca oleracea Linn. of family Portulacaceae is a medicinally important herb. Quantitative phytochemical analysis of Portulaca oleracea was carried for four main parameters, i.e., alkaloid, flavonoid, tannin and saponin. In addition to this total protein estimation was also carried. The plant samples were collected from garden area which was unpolluted site, and roadside area facing air pollution generated from traffic exhaust. Plant samples from polluted site also faced nutrient stress, water stress and stress of extreme temperature. Phytochemical analysis was carried separately for leaf and stem samples. Notably the percent values of phytochemicals, namely total alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, and saponin, and nutrient component protein were found to be relatively high in leaf samples as compared to the stem samples. Their percent values were found to be relatively high in samples collected from polluted site than the samples collected from unpolluted site. It shows that Portulaca oleracea has potential to grow in wasteland under nutrient and water stress conditions on one hand and at the same time the phytoconstituents values remain relatively high under stress.
How to cite this article:
Sushmita Negi. Quantitative phytochemical analysis of Portulaca oleracea Linn. growing in unpolluted and polluted area . Pharma Innovation 2018;7(5):619-621.