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Vol. 7, Issue 5 (2018)

Response of growth and yield of hybrid sunflower to deficit irrigation under drip system

Author(s):
V Kaviya, NK Sathyamoorthy, CR Chinnamuthu, M Rajeswari
Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted at Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai, TNAU, Tamil Nadu, during rabi season (2017 – 2018) to study the effects of deficit irrigation (DI) on growth and yield of sunflower under drip system. The experiment was laid out in Randomized block design with three replication, used TNAU sunflower hybrid Co2 as a test crop. The treatments comprised of conventional drip irrigation at 100% ETc (T1) and 75% ETc (T2), Irrigation at 100% and 75% ETc as alternate irrigation cycle (T3), Irrigation at 75% ETc in alternate irrigation cycle (skip) (T4), T5, T6 and T7 - Irrigation at 75% ETc skip during button initiation, flowering and seed filling, respectively. The growth parameters of plant height, dry matter production and growth analysis of leaf area index and crop growth rate and seed and stalk yield were recorded. Results indicated that deficit irrigation treatments significantly reduced the plant growth parameters and yield. Among the different treatments, the higher growth parameters were registered with drip irrigation at 100 % ETc (T1). Maximum seed and stalk yield was achieved in the same treatment. The lowest growth parameters and yield was noticed in the irrigation at 75 ETc in alternate irrigation cycle (T4)
Pages: 407-410  |  357 Views  39 Downloads
How to cite this article:
V Kaviya, NK Sathyamoorthy, CR Chinnamuthu, M Rajeswari. Response of growth and yield of hybrid sunflower to deficit irrigation under drip system. Pharma Innovation 2018;7(5):407-410.
The Pharma Innovation Journal