Vol. 7, Issue 4 (2018)
Milk yield, dry matter and mineral intake analysis in Gurgaon District of Haryana
Saurabh Baloda, Sajjan Sihag, Promila and KK Yadav
A survey was conducted to study Milk yield, Dry matter and mineral intake analysis in Gurgaon District of Haryana. From each of the four blocks, three villages were randomly selected. To have a systematic and planned study, all the blocks were included in the survey. From each block, three villages were randomly selected to have a fairly representative sample. From each village, four categories of farmers i.e. landless, small (having up to five acres of irrigated land), medium (five to ten acres of irrigated land) and large (more than ten acres of irrigated land) and having dairy animals were purposefully selected. In each village, five families under each category were interrogated on the prescribed Performa for this study, thus, making a total of 240 families. Result of the study showed that the body weight of different animals ranged from 490-587 kg and average body weight was 536 kg. The DM intake ranged from 10-15 kg depending upon body weight. The average value was 14.05 kg. Milk yield ranged from 2-18 kg. The average milk yield was 7.46 kg. The requirement of Zn has been recommended as 40 mg/kg . All the animals were consuming much less Zn than its required level. So, it was concluded that 100 percent buffaloes were deficit in Zn feeding. Except 3% buffaloes, Cu intake was sufficiently high to meet the requirement of buffaloes. Iron intake was sufficiently high to meet the requirement of buffaloes. Mn intake was deficient in 13% buffaloes to meet the requirement i.e. 40 mg/kg . 18 percent of animals, irrespective of their milk yield and body weight were receiving less Ca than its requirement. Only 7 percent of the animals were receiving less P. so mineral mixture should be area specific for the optimum production, reproduction and growth.
How to cite this article:
Saurabh Baloda, Sajjan Sihag, Promila, KK Yadav. Milk yield, dry matter and mineral intake analysis in Gurgaon District of Haryana. Pharma Innovation 2018;7(4):111-113.