Pattern of fatal head injuries in road traffic accidents in Varanasi district: An autopsy finding
Shamim Raza, Amarendra Kumar, Kaulaskar Shashikant V and Surendra Kumar Pandey
Among all types of accidents, those caused by motor vehicle responsible for loss of large number of life and head injury tend to be most serious. The present prospective study was undertaken in the Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Medical sciences, Banaras Hindu University from 1st August 2015 to 31st July 2016 on 150 cases of road traffic accidents who died due to injuries sustained to head and brain. Most of accidents had taken place during evening hours (16:00-20:00Hrs). Male predominated over female in the ratio of about 5:1. Majority of deceased of fatal head injury was from Hindu (89%) community. The most vulnerable age group was found to be 21-30 years. Two wheeler occupants were most commonly involved followed by pedestrian. Most of the road traffic accidents happened to occur in rural areas i.e. 81.3% on national highways. Skull fractures present in 62% of cases. Most of the victims of fatal head injury were survived for more than 24 Hrs to one week. In most of the cases linear fracture was observed (22.7). Among intracranial hemorrhage subdural hemorrhage was seen in 43% and combination of subdural and subarachnoid hemorrhage in 20% of cases.
How to cite this article:
Shamim Raza, Amarendra Kumar, Kaulaskar Shashikant V, Surendra Kumar Pandey. Pattern of fatal head injuries in road traffic accidents in Varanasi district: An autopsy finding. Pharma Innovation 2018;7(3):363-366.