Prevalence of low bone mineral density and nutrient adequacy of adults in Allahabad district
Akansha Sharma and Virginia Paul
The present study was carried out to screen the bone status (Osteopenia and Osteoporosis) between the adults of age group between 35-65 years of Allahabad which is a district of Uttar Pradesh. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 304 respondents (152 males and 152 females respectively) by calculating WHO T-scores utilising P-DEXA as diagnostic tool. The results revealed that the Prevalence of osteopenia and osteopenia was found to be 43% and 7.2% in males which in females it was found to be 58.9% and 11.2% respectively. Dietary assessment was done by 24 hour recall method Mean daily intakes of nutrients such as energy, protein, iron and calcium were found significantly lower than their respective RDAs in the diets adults. Fat in female respondents was found to be higher than RDA. The study concluded that osteopenia and osteoporosis was more prevalent in females than males although there was large percentage of males diagnosed with osteopenia which lead to osteoporosis in future due to several factors including lack of nutrition.
How to cite this article:
Akansha Sharma, Virginia Paul. Prevalence of low bone mineral density and nutrient adequacy of adults in Allahabad district. Pharma Innovation 2018;7(3):351-353.