Vol. 7, Issue 12 (2018)
Endometriosis: An overview of disease and treatment
A Suma, D Sudheer Kumar and P Kishore
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial like tissue outside the uterus, which induces a chronic inflammatory reaction, scar tissue and adhesions that may distort a woman’s pelvic anatomy. The estimated prevalence of endometriosis in the general population is as high as 10% and is increased in females with infertility. The gold standard of diagnosis is surgical visual inspection of the pelvic organs through laparoscopy. Serum cancer antigen-125 levels may be increased in women with endometriosis but it is a poor diagnostic tool in comparison to laparoscopy. The principal aim of the therapy is to relieve symptoms, resolution of existing endometrial implants, and prevention of new foci of endometrial tissue. Patients with endometriosis mainly complain of pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and dyspareunia. Articles were selected based on their currency and relevance to the discussion.
How to cite this article:
A Suma, D Sudheer Kumar, P Kishore. Endometriosis: An overview of disease and treatment. Pharma Innovation 2018;7(12):150-154.