Sphaeranthus indicus Linn: A pharmacological update
Mathew George, Lincy Joseph, K Sujith and Nimisha M Paul
Sphaeranthus indicus Linn is a well-known plant used in Indian system of medicine and is from the aroma family Asteraceae. It is abundantly distributed in damp areas, plains and also as a weed in the rice fields. In the Indian system of medicine, the plant as a whole plant or its different parts like leaf, stem, bark, root, flower and seed are widely used for curing many diseases. The plant has been reported with different types of secondary metabolites such as eudesmanolides, sesquiterpenoids, sesquiterpene lactones, sesquiterpene acids, flavone glycosides, flavonoid C‑glycosides, isoflavone glycoside, sterols, sterol glycoside, alkaloid, peptide alkaloids, amino acids and sugars. Essential oil has been isolated from flowers and whole plant. The whole plant, its isolated secondary metabolites and different parts have been reported for ovicidal, antifeedant, anthelmintic, antimicrobial, antiviral, macrofilaricidal, larvicidal, analgesic, antipyretic, hepatoprotective, antitussive, wound healing, bronchodilatory, mast cell stabilizing activity, anxiolytic, neuroleptic, immunomodulatory, anti‑diabetic, antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant, antioxidant, central nervous system depressant, anti‑arthritic, nephroprotective, anticonvulsant activities and many other activities. It is also effective for psoriasis. The present paper is a compilation of data on experimentally confirmed biological activities.
How to cite this article:
Mathew George, Lincy Joseph, K Sujith, Nimisha M Paul. Sphaeranthus indicus Linn: A pharmacological update. Pharma Innovation 2017;6(2):77-84.