Clinical case of pregnancy toxaemia and its therapeutic management in a she goat: A case study
Ajaz Quadir, Sheikh Tajamul Islam, Imtiyaz Ahmad Bhat, Massarat Khan, Parvaiz Sikandar Dar, Ishfaq Ahmad Lone, Bilal Ahmad Gojri and Mudasir Nazir
A pregnant doe was presented with primary complaint of inappetence and recumbency from last 3 days. The most prominent abnormality during clinical examination was weakness in both hind limbs presented by difficulty in standing. History and abdominal ballotment confirmed that the doe were about 4.5 months pregnant. Typical signs of hypocalcemia (“S” shaped posture, sternal recumbency) were seen. Besides that, ketone bodies were also detected from the urine (3+ or 8mmol/L). The doe was aggressively treated for pregnancy toxemia with administration of 1 liter of 20% dextrose and 5 liter of normal saline BID IV for 3 days. 30ml of glycerine (Enerdyna®) was also given orally BID for 3 days as glucose precursor. Along with aggressive fluid therapy supportive treatment was giving which includes flunixin meglumine @ 2.2mg/kg BW IM OD, methylcobalt (Tribivet M®) @ 2ml IM OD, Phosphorus (Tonophos®) @ 3ml IM OD and antibiotic (Intacef®) @ 10mg/kg BW OD for 3 days. In addition, 100 ml of calcium borogluconate (Qualidrop®) was given slow intravenous (i/v) infusion and 50 ml calcium supplement was given orally 5 days. However, the doe’s condition started to deteriorate on Day 3 and kidding was induced by giving 5ml of dexamethasone (Dexona®) intravenously on the same day and two live kids were born after 40 hours of induction. The doe’s condition improved tremendously and was kept for oral calcium and glucose therapy for a week thereafter. The goat recovered uneventfully.
How to cite this article:
Ajaz Quadir, Sheikh Tajamul Islam, Imtiyaz Ahmad Bhat, Massarat Khan, Parvaiz Sikandar Dar, Ishfaq Ahmad Lone, Bilal Ahmad Gojri, Mudasir Nazir. Clinical case of pregnancy toxaemia and its therapeutic management in a she goat: A case study. Pharma Innovation 2017;6(12):179-182.