Organic acids as alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters in poultry
Vinus, Nancy Sheoran and BS Tewatia
Organic acids are any carboxylic acid including fatty acids and amino acids, of the general structure R-COOH. Mainly short chain mono carboxylic acids such as citric, propionic, fumeric and formic acids etc. are used as potential alternative to antibiotic growth promoter. Organic acids and their salts are able to inhibit microbial growth in the food and consequently to preserve the microbial balance in the gastrointestinal tract. Modifications to the gastrointestinal microflora which reduce pathogen attachment may have a profound effect on the structure of the intestinal wall. Butyric acid is one such SCFA, which has higher bactericidal activity when the acid is undissociated. Butyrate also appears to play a role in development of the intestinal epithelium. However, the levels of SCFA are quite low in the intestine and caeca of young chicks and so the young chicks may be the best candidates for dietary supplementation.
How to cite this article:
Vinus, Nancy Sheoran, BS Tewatia. Organic acids as alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters in poultry. Pharma Innovation 2017;6(11):164-169.