A short review on congenital hypothyroidism, environmental thyroiditis and current status of thyroid disease in Bangladesh
Samiran Sana, Sadiur Rahman Sajon, Sohel Rana, Zobaida Mostarin Nishi and Niaz Mahmud
Thyroid disease is a common endocrine disorder resulting from their impaired activity at tissue level. Congenital hypothyroidism and environmental thyroiditis are two major concern now-a-days. Congenital hypothyroidism is broadly classified into Primary hypothyroidism, secondary hypothyroidism, peripheral hypothyroidism, syndromic hypothyroidism and transient congenital hypothyroidism. Factors affecting congenital hypothyroidism may include thyroid dyshormonogenesys, thyroid dysgenesis, resistance to TH binding, defects in T3 and T4 release or even genetic factor. Factors that increase environmental thyroid disease risk include radiation exposure, both from nuclear fallout and medical radiation, increased iodine intake, as well as several contaminants in the environment that influence the thyroid. In Bangladesh the overall state of thyroid disease is greatly influenced by gender and diseases like diabetes. Necessary steps should be taken to raise awareness among mass people about Hypothyroidism and enlighten them to make stand against this disease.
How to cite this article:
Samiran Sana, Sadiur Rahman Sajon, Sohel Rana, Zobaida Mostarin Nishi, Niaz Mahmud. A short review on congenital hypothyroidism, environmental thyroiditis and current status of thyroid disease in Bangladesh. Pharma Innovation 2017;6(10):328-335.