LBW has been defined by WHO as birth weight of less than 2.5 Kg, while the measurements being taken preferably within the first hour of life. Preterms have greater risk of developing Respiratory Distress, Intracranial haemorrhage, sepsis, retrolental fibroplasia and other conditions related to physiological immaturity. Neonatal maturity in turn affected by multiple maternal factors. So, the aim of the study is to determine the relationship between maternal ABO blood group & risk of pregnancy outcomes as LBW & SGA babies. The study was conducted in obstetric wing of LLRM Medical College. The patients that attended antenatal clinic and booked cases delivered retrospectively are included in the study book (100 singleton pregnancies).
Patients suffering from chronic diseases as malnutrition, maternal infections, hypertensive disorders, multiple pregnancies and diabetes were excluded in the study. All the observations in the study were evaluated statistically by Chi-Square test.
Maternal blood group has been found to have significant association with the maturity of the new born. Prevalence of LBW was found to be statistically insignificant in both ABO and Rh blood group of mothers.