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Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2016)

Study of discrepancies in human placental attachment of umbilical cord and its clinical implication

Author(s):
Anju Mathur and Sapna Basandani
Abstract:
Introduction: The human placenta is circular, hemochorial and deciduate that functions as a fetomaternal organ. It is made from sac frondosum & decidua basalis. Abnormalities among the event and computing machine of insertion of the umbilical cord can have an impact on maternal and fetal well-being. The umbilical cord is often attached near to the centre of the placenta. The numerous kinds of umbilical cord attachment into the placenta are: central, eccentric, battledore (marginal), velamentous (membranous) and separate. Therefore, information relating to the variations among the placental attachment of umbilical cord is significant for clinicians.
Aims and Objectives: This study is undertaken to ascertain various kinds of placental attachment of umbilical cord.
Materials and Methods: The samples were 100% solution mounted 100 cord human placentas collected from department of medicine. The study was administered in department of Anatomy, Subharti University, Meerut, India. Study of varied kinds of placental attachment of umbilical cord was done by eye observation. The data obtained was tabulated & statistically analysed.
Observations and Results: Out of 1 hundred placentas determined sixty-eight placentas had central attachment of umbilical cord, sixteen placentas had eccentric attachment, twelve placentas had battledore (marginal) attachment and 4 placenta had membranous (velamentous) attachment.
Conclusion: Variation among the placental attachment of umbilical cord is explained to diverse nonhereditary variances. Therefore, early prenatal ultrasonographic identification of anomalies helps in reducing the risk in maternal and perinatal outcome.
Pages: 37-40  |  343 Views  92 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Anju Mathur, Sapna Basandani. Study of discrepancies in human placental attachment of umbilical cord and its clinical implication. Pharma Innovation 2016;5(3):37-40.

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