Neonatal Jaundice typically results from the deposition of unconjugated bilirubin pigment in the conjunctiva, skin and mucus membranes when there is excessive amount of bilirubin in blood.
Aim: The aim of the study is to observe Neonatal Jaundice From A Tertiary Care Hospitals.
Material & Methods: The present study was a retrospective study conducted in tertiary care hospital carried out in 100 neonates. Data was collected for the mother taken information of term and preterm delivery, Weight of the baby, gender after delivery, education qualification, and estimation of bilirubin, ABO blood group estimation, and predisposing/etiologic factors.
Results: A study was conducted on 100 jaundice neonate having 78 term delivery among them 54 where male and 24 were females and 22 preterm deliveries 08 were male and 14 were females. As per the education of the mother there were 16 were complete in schools, 56 were intermediate and 28 degree qualification. In many of delivery cases neonates has hyperbilirubinemia, hyperbilirubinemia may be due to many causes. As per this study due to G6PD deficiency there were 42 neonates followed by ABO Incompatibility 38, LBW 12 and infectious 8. Neonate weight may also play a role in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, as per this study Majority of the neonates were in Normal Birth weight 69 followed by Low birth weight 12, Very low birth weight 11 and Extremely low birth weight 9.
Conclusion: hyperbilirubinemia neonate was males having G6PD deficiency, ABO Incompatibility, Low birth weight, Infections and normal birth weight. Parents having intermediate qualification, Parents has to be educated with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia can prevent other complication in neonates.