Current aspects on diabetes retinopathy
Shaktipal Patil, Amrapali Mhaiskar
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of long-term diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetic retinopathy is the major ocular complication associated with diabetes, and represents the leading cause of legal blindness in the working-age population of developed countries. Although classically diagnosed based on abnormalities of the retinal microvasculature, diabetic retinopathy is now widely recognized as a neurovascular disease. Systemic management of diabetes by combined control of glycemia, blood pressure, and serum lipid levels remains the most important method of preventing diabetic retinopathy onset and progression. To relieve ER stress, the cell activates an adaptive mechanism known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). The UPR coordinates the processes of protein synthesis, protein folding, and degradation to ensure proteostasis, which is vital for cell survival and activity. Ant vascular endothelial growth factors are now extensively used to treat diabetic retinopathy and macular edema with promising results.
How to cite this article:
Shaktipal Patil, Amrapali Mhaiskar. Current aspects on diabetes retinopathy. Pharma Innovation 2015;4(3):42-44.