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Vol. 4, Issue 10 (2015)

Relationship of placental weight and fetal outcome among normal and anemic delivered mothers

Author(s):
Jyoti Salunkhe and Tukaram Zagade
Abstract:
Anemia is a pathological condition which the oxygen carrying capacity of red blood cells is insufficient to meet body’s needs. Which leads to loss of placental weight and poor Perinatal outcome and it is major public health problem throughout the world. The world health organization reports (WHO) estimated that 56 million live in developing countries the most severely affected area is south Asia where as 89% of pregnant women are anemic in India. The purpose of the study was to assess relationship of placental weight and fetal outcome among normal and anemic delivered mothers admitted in labor room of Krishna Hospital Karad Maharashtra, India. Samples were group one 62 mothers Hb>11 gm/dl and group two 62 mothers Hb<11gm/dl.
Methods: Quantitative research approach and comparative, descriptive research design was selected for the present study. The dependent variables are Type of diet, Placental weight, Hb level, mothers weight before delivery and dependent variables are fetal outcome i.e. birth weight, Apgar score, physical maturity. This study was conducted in maternity ward (Labor room) at Krishna Hospital, Karad, Satara District. 62+62=124 anemic and normal mothers who are admitted in labor room for vaginal delivery. The samples were selected by purposive sample techniques. This study was conducted in maternity ward (Labor room) at Krishna Hospital, Karad, Satara District. 62+62=124 anemic and normal mothers who are admitted in labor room for vaginal delivery.
Result: The mean placental weight of anemic mothers (512.8 gms) was significantly higher than mean placental weight of normal mothers (459.4 gms) (p<0.05). The mean fetal weight of babies born to normal mothers (2.84 kg) was significantly higher than mean fetal weight babies born to anemic mothers (2.48 kg) (p<0.05). The mean fetal length of babies born to normal mothers (51.15 cm) was significantly higher than mean fetal length of babies born to anemic mothers (49.21) (p<0.05). The good physical activity was significantly high in fetuses born to normal mothers than fetuses born to anemic mothers while average physical maturity was significantly high in fetuses born to anemic mothers than fetuses born to normal mothers. Anemic mothers shows significant difference (r= 0.28, P <0.05) with a positive correlation. This means as the placental weight increases the birth weight also increases and vice-versa.
Conclusion: In Correlation between placental weight and birth weight Group A (Normal mothers) show significant difference (r= 0.40, P <0.05) with a positive correlation which means as the placental weight increases the birth weight also increases and vice-versa. There was no correlation between Placental Weight and Fetal Length of babies born to non anemic and anemic mothers. (p>0.05).
Pages: 136-138  |  673 Views  114 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Jyoti Salunkhe, Tukaram Zagade. Relationship of placental weight and fetal outcome among normal and anemic delivered mothers. Pharma Innovation 2015;4(10):136-138.

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