Cissampelos owariensis: Experimental review
Erhirhie O. Earnest, Moke E. Goodies and Chinwuba Paul
Innovation on new therapeutic agents from natural sources with possible low or absence of toxicity to human is presently ongoing. Cissampelos owariensis (commonly called velvet leaf) is a medicinal plant that originated from Sierra Leone east to Uganda and south to Angola, Zambia and Mozambique. Ethno-medicinally, an infusion of the bitter rhizome, leaves or stems of Cissampelos owariensis is used in the treatment of numerous diseases including; gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhoea, dysentery, colic, intestinal worms), urogenital problems, infertility, abscesses, ulcers, snake bite, headache, among others. It contains tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids and saponins. Two compounds, namely 2Hcyclopropa[a]naphthalene-2, 5-dione, 1, 1a, 3, 4, 6, 7, 7a, 7b-octahydro-1, 1, 7a, 7b-tetramethyl, and 1, 2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, di-octyl ester had been isolated and identified from it. Reported Pharmacological activities assessed in this present review include; anti-diabetic and anti-microbial activity. However, more experimental studies are required to augment the limited available literatures and also to substantiate the folkloric claim on Cissampelos owariensis.
How to cite this article:
Erhirhie O. Earnest, Moke E. Goodies, Chinwuba Paul. Cissampelos owariensis: Experimental review. Pharma Innovation 2015;3(11):75-77.